Why Do Teeth Fall Out and What Are The Solutions to Replace Missing Teeth?
Both, the teeth and the rest of the structures present in the mouth are made up of living cells. External agents’ actions, such as infections or trauma, can make the tissues that form and support the tooth sick and/or deteriorate. Although people have up to 32 teeth and they may seem many, the truth is that we need them and we should try to keep them throughout life. People who maintain perfect teeth enjoy greater health benefits, in addition to the undeniable aesthetic factor that influences their appearance. Now, if you are wondering why teeth fall out, we will give you some main reasons below and how you can prevent tooth loss or replace missing teeth to avoid future complications in the mouth.
Why do Teeth Fall Out in Adults?
The wise popular proverb already warns it: prevention is better than cure. In addition to strictly complying with oral hygiene habits and a healthy diet, teeth need to be checked periodically in order to prevent possible pathologies that lead to a major problem such as the loss of a tooth. If we take care of our smile, we can enjoy permanent teeth for a lifetime or at least enjoy their benefits for as long as possible. The main causes of tooth loss are:
- Severe oral pathologies
- Bad health habits
What Are the Consequences of Tooth Loss?
In addition to the psychological effects that it can generate in many cases, such as self-esteem problems or rejection in social interactions, the main consequences of tooth loss that we can find are:
- Movement of nearby teeth
- Greater speaking and pronunciation difficulties
- Chewing problems
- Progressive loss of bone in the area where the tooth has fallen out
- Worsening of the smile and facial appearance
What Are the Solutions to Replace Missing Teeth?
The loss of a tooth must be treated to avoid tooth movements and major inconveniences that end up requiring more complex and expensive treatments for the patient. The wide variety of solutions offered by modern dentistry allows us to carry out individualized treatments for any need. The most common solution to replace lost teeth is dental implants.
Dental implants are metal elements that are surgically placed in the jawbones under the gums. Once in place, the dentist can place fixed crowns or bridges over them to replace the missing teeth.
How Do Dental Implants Work?
First, the implant fuses with the jawbone to provide a stable support for the artificial teeth. Prosthetics and bridges placed on implants do not slip or run in the mouth, which plays an important advantage for chewing and speaking activities. This adaptation helps prostheses and bridges (as well as individual crowns placed on implants) to feel more natural than conventional ones.
For some people, ordinary bridges or prostheses are uncomfortable because they irritate, have too narrow edges, and/or can even cause nausea. Furthermore, traditional bridges must be attached to the teeth on both sides of the empty space. An advantage of implants is that it is not necessary to wear down the adjacent teeth to support the replacement teeth.
To receive dental implants, you need to have healthy gums and an adequate bone structure to support the implant. The patient must also commit to keeping these structures healthy. Meticulous oral hygiene and regular dental visits are essential for dental implants to be successful on the long term.
Nevertheless, dental implants tend to be more expensive than other dental replacement methods and most insurance companies do not cover them or cover only 10 percent of the fees or less.
What Are the Advantages of Dental Implants?
- It is the safest option since the prosthesis is attached to the bone and not to other teeth.
- Prevents bone loss by preserving bone functionality.
- Chewing with dental implants feels similar to that of natural teeth.
- It lasts longer; with rates higher than 90% in periods of 20-30 years.
- Bone undergoes a similar force process when chewing as if it was with natural teeth; thus, allowing it to retain its natural shape.
- Osseointegration occurs, which is a direct attachment at the molecular level of the titanium surface of the implant to the bone. This bond is so strong that the only way to separate the titanium from the bone would be to remove the surrounding bone. Osseointegration takes place in a period of 6-8 weeks.
- In cases of complete teeth loss, dental implants are the ideal solution to improve quality of life as many patients who wear complete dentures experience considerable strains to adapt to removable dentures. The dental implant is fixed and comfortable and there are no elements to worry about because once it has been placed, it will continue to work well.
- Absence of pain. At the time during the procedure, you will feel no pain or discomfort and, in most cases, the postoperative period involves less discomfort than other more common dental interventions.
- Implant maintenance is similar to what other teeth need.
- The dental implant makes it easier to maintain correct oral hygiene.
In addition to these advantages, dental implants have other benefits such as:
Aesthetics: Dental implants are aesthetically better than dentures. They give a more natural appearance.
Comfort: They are more comfortable than dentures.
Duration: Dental implants are a long-term solution since, with proper maintenance, they can last for more than 20 years.
Although it requires a greater investment of money than a removable denture or a conventional fixed bridge, the list of advantages is so long that it outweighs their cost. The disadvantages are very few and the risks are minimal. Ultimately, we can never smile as naturally as with an implant.
What Are the Types of Placement-Based Dental Implants?
Depending on the placement of the implant teeth, they can be all-on-4, all-on-6, immediate loading and in two phases. What are the characteristics of each implant?
All-on-4 and All-on-6
In the case of patients who have suffered the total or partial loss of their teeth, these techniques simultaneously install a full arch of 4 dental implants (also known as all-on-4) and up to 6 implants (all-on-6). Both methods offer multiple benefits, such as speed of treatment and/or comfort, as they require fewer interventions.
Another of the most popular types of dental implants is immediate loading. Between 24 and 48 hours after implant installation, a provisional prosthesis is placed. This technique is designed for patients who have lost one or more teeth or have suffered a serious deterioration in them.
In Two Phases
In this case, the implant is placed in two surgical phases: first, the implant and a small screw are placed on top, being covered by the gum; then, a healing plug is installed on the implant allowing the tissues surrounding the tooth to heal.
Finally, specialists in dentistry distinguish three types of dental implants based on their size: narrow platform (used in cases of low bone density and have a diameter of 2-3.5 mm), wide platform (they are installed in the rear area and have a diameter of 4.5-6 mm) and standard platform (they are installed in the front area of
How Are Dental Implants Performed?
To know how dental implants are made or what their procedure is, we have to take into account that there are two stages in the implantation process.
The First Stage – Dental Implant Surgery:
The dentist will introduce the titanium implant into the jaw bone or the upper jaw.
The Second Stage – Implant Restoration:
For the implant to stay fixed in the bone, it needs a healing time called osseointegration; a process that takes place when the implant fuses with the bone. This healing time ranges from 3 to 6 months period. At the end, when the dental implant is completely firm, the crown is placed, which is the dental prosthesis that will cover the tooth.
What Care Must Be Taken After the Placement of a Dental Implant?
It is normal to experience bleeding during the first hours following dental implant surgeries, as well as inflammation in the area (it usually lasts about 2 days). If the bleeding persists for a longer time, you should reach out to your dentist. For swelling, apply ice to the affected area. The health specialist will prescribe pain relievers, as well as anti-inflammatory pills.
After dental implant surgery, a series of care must be followed so that the implant heals faster. Some recommendations to carry out are:
Do not perform mouthwashes after any implant placement: Rinsing the mouth can cause the stitches to fall out and you may experience heavy bleeding.
Tooth brushing: Teeth will have to be brushed gently, especially around the implant area. It can be done with an electric or manual brush. It is advisable to avoid brushing on the same day of surgery.
Food: During the first 3 hours after surgery you should avoid the intake of food and drink. Afterward, you should aim for a soft food diet and drink plenty of fluids. Smoking is also not recommended since tobacco irritates the tissue delaying its healing and increasing pain in the area.
Physical activity: it is advisable not to do activities that imply any physical effort for at least 2 weeks.
Dental check-ups: a follow-up will be necessary to review the status of the implant (it is recommended to go for a check-up every 6 months).
How Much Are Dental Implants in Costa Rica?
A quote for dental implants in the United States generally starts at $50k or more for an all-on-4 procedure. All-on-8 dental implants can cost as much as $80,000 for both arches in the United States.
In Costa Rica, you can get this same treatment for 50-60% less. Most all-on-4 dental implant procedures are priced at around $25k in Costa Rica for both jaw arches. A single arch solution for your upper or lower jaw can be as little as $11k.
At America Dental. we also manufacture all the prosthesis materials and parts in our state-of-the-art, in-house dental laboratory. All the acrylic teeth, zirconia teeth, and titanium bars are customized to provide the perfect fit and color. Our custom-made fixed bridges are whitened to match the color palette of your natural teeth. These natural-looking implants are then positioned carefully in your mouth.
If you are looking for dental implants to replace teeth, we heartily invite you to request a free consultation with our specialists by clicking here. Our doctors will be happy to assist you and help you find the best treatment option that meets your needs and budget.
Zirconium implants are bioinert and because of being metal-free, they don’t give a metallic taste or a slight galvanic current that sometimes patients with metal implants complain about.
Although Titanium Implants are quite biocompatible, a small percentage might still develop an allergic or autoimmune reaction. The success rate is very high: Upper %96 Lower %98.
Because Zirconium implants are metal-free, there is no chance of a corrosion.
Strength & Durability
Zirconia implant possesses the ability to withstand high masticatory loads which is integral for the success and function of an Implant.
The cost to manufacture Titanium Implants are lower than Zirconia Implants.
Before and After
Zirconium Implant and Zirconium Crowns